Quantitative trait loci map for growth and morphometric traits using a channel catfish × blue catfish interspecific hybrid system

A. M. Hutson, Z. Liu, H. Kucuktas, G. Umali-Maceina, B. Su, R. A. Dunham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Head length, head depth, head width, body depth, body width, caudal depth, and caudal width and total length and BW were measured for 71 backcross full sibs between the interspecific backcross F1 (female channel catfish [Ictalurus punctatus] × male blue catfish [Ictalurus furcatus]) female × blue catfish male. Body measurements were corrected for both size and the relationship between relative body shape and size, which is critical but usually ignored in fish research. Amplified fragment length polymorphism analysis was used for construction of a QTL map with 44 linkage groups. Eleven of 44 linkage groups had at least 1 significant QTL (P ≤ 0.05) and 11 of 44 at P = 0.10. Linkage group 19 was unique as it had multiple QTL for every trait measured, except for caudal width for which no QTL was identified on any linkage group. Approximately half of the markers measured were associated with positive effects (increase in size) on the traits and half had negative effects (decrease in size). Linkage groups 5, 9, 18, 20, 39, and 40 were significant for multiple traits and always had a trait negative effect. Total length is represented on the map by the most linkage groups and the most markers. The linkage relationships found among BW, total length, and the 7 morphometric traits indicated that multiple trait marker-assisted selection to simultaneously increase BW body depth, body width, and caudal depth while decreasing the head traits with the goal to increase body weight and carcass yield would be very difficult. Multiple genetic enhancement approaches would likely be needed to simultaneously improve BW and body conformation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1850-1865
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Animal Science
Volume92
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Amplified fragment length polymorphism
  • BW and shape
  • Catfish
  • Linkage map
  • Quantitative trait loci

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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