QCD vacuum as a chromomagnetic superconductor: Microscopic physics

V. P. Nair, C. Rosenzweig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


The compactness of the QCD gauge group leads to the existence of chromomagnetic monopole configurations. The interactions of these monopoles are studied using electric-magnetic duality as a guide. It is shown that the gluon-monopole interaction acquires an extra minus sign which tends to destabilize the monopole configurations. A model is presented which exploits this observation. We present a scenario where the monopoles condense, giving chromomagnetic superconductivity, via a first-order phase transition at a scale where the electric and magnetic charges are equal, i.e., α=1/2. In this vacuum medium gluons propagate like 1/k4 which is now seen to be the dual equivalent of the statement that the vacuum is a chromomagnetic superconductor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)401-410
Number of pages10
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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