Psychological adjustment and family functioning of boys with learning disabilities.

C. R. Michaels, L. J. Lewandowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


This study examined parent reports of behavioral and family functioning for 59 boys with learning disabilities (LD) and 65 nondisabled boys (NLD) of ages 6 to 12 years. Parents completed the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and the Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale (FACES III). Boys with LD were reported as having significantly more behavior problems of both the Internalizing and Externalizing types than NLD boys. Individual scales yielded group differences indicating higher scores (more problems) for the group with LD on the Hyperactive, Schizoid or Anxious, Depressed, and Obsessive Compulsive scales, but no differences on the Aggressive or Social Withdrawal scales. Furthermore, families of boys with LD tended to score more frequently in the extreme (disturbed) range of family functioning. However, boys of families in the extreme range did not have more behavior problems than the boys of other families. The findings suggest that a greater than average proportion of boys with LD are at risk for developing psychological adjustment problems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)446-450
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of learning disabilities
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Education
  • General Health Professions


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