Prototyping of Superhydrophobic Surfaces from Structure-Tunable Micropillar Arrays Using Visible Light Photocuring

Hansheng Li, Fu Hao Chen, Saeid Biria, Ian Dean Hosein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A new approach is reported to fabricate micropillar arrays on transparent surfaces by employing the light-induced self-writing technique. A periodic array of microscale optical beams is transmitted through a thin film of photo-crosslinking acrylate resin. Each beam undergoes self-lensing associated to photopolymerization-induced changes in the refractive index of the medium, which counters the beam's natural tendency to diverge over space. As a result, a microscale pillar grows along each beam's propagation path. Concurrent, parallel self-writing of micropillars leads to the prototyping of micropillar-based arrays, with the capability to precisely vary the pillar diameter and inter-spacing. The arrays are spray coated with a thin layer of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) nanoparticles to create large-area superhydrophobic surfaces with water contact angles greater than 150° and low contact angle hysteresis. High transparency is achieved over the entire range of micropillar arrays explored. The arrays are also mechanically durable and robust against abrasion. This is a scalable, straightforward approach toward structure-tunable micropillar arrays for functional surfaces and anti-wetting applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1801150
JournalAdvanced Engineering Materials
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Contact angle
Photopolymerization
Polytetrafluoroethylene
Polytetrafluoroethylenes
Abrasion
Crosslinking
Transparency
Hysteresis
Wetting
Refractive index
microbalances
Resins
Nanoparticles
Thin films
Water
polytetrafluoroethylene
abrasion
crosslinking
acrylates
resins

Keywords

  • hydrophobicity
  • light-induced self-writing
  • micropillars
  • nanoparticles
  • re-entrant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Prototyping of Superhydrophobic Surfaces from Structure-Tunable Micropillar Arrays Using Visible Light Photocuring. / Li, Hansheng; Chen, Fu Hao; Biria, Saeid; Hosein, Ian Dean.

In: Advanced Engineering Materials, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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