Protocol for localized macrophage stimulation with small-molecule TLR agonist via fluidic force microscopy

Elizabeth J. Mulder, Brittany Moser, Jennifer Delgado, Rachel Steinhardt, Aaron P. Esser-Kahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Here, we present a protocol to deliver nanoliter volumes of Toll-like receptor (TLR) agonist onto a culture of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) reporter macrophages using fluidic force microscopy and a micron-scale probe. We describe steps for quantifying the dose of agonist by modeling their diffusion with experimental inputs. We then detail procedures for quantifying and categorizing macrophage responses to individual and varied doses and combining agonist concentration and macrophage response to analyze the NF-κB response to localized TLR stimulation. For complete details on the use and execution of this protocol, please refer to Mulder et al. (2024).1

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number102873
JournalSTAR Protocols
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2024

Keywords

  • AFM
  • Atomic Force Microscopy
  • Biophysics
  • Cell Biology
  • Cell culture
  • Cell-based Assays
  • Immunology
  • Microscopy
  • Single Cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Immunology and Microbiology

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