Project-Think and the Fragmentation and Defragmentation of Civil Society in Egypt, Palestine, and Turkey

Gizem Zencirci, Catherine E. Herrold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


By drawing from authors’ fieldwork in Egypt, Palestine, and Turkey, this article critically examines perceptions of project-think among civic organizations in the Middle East. As a managerial rationality, project-think has four key components: (a) a prioritization of discrete needs and discrete groups, (b) an orientation toward funding, (c) a focus on short-term and measurable results, and (d) the positioning of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) as career ladders. Through unpacking these four components, we find that project-think is perceived to contribute to the fragmentation of civil society by fracturing social issues, dividing the NGO sector, isolating organizational energy, and complicating relations between groups. Simultaneously, we demonstrate that, civic actors use various strategies to circumvent the perceived impacts of fragmentation. By mapping these intertwined meanings and experiences of fragmentation and defragmentation, this study contributes to debates concerning the political effects of managerialism among civil society in the Global South.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)545-565
Number of pages21
JournalNonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2022


  • Middle East
  • NGOization
  • civil society
  • critical nonprofit studies
  • managerialism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


Dive into the research topics of 'Project-Think and the Fragmentation and Defragmentation of Civil Society in Egypt, Palestine, and Turkey'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this