Programmatic Surveillance and FISA: of Needles in Haystacks

William C. Banks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Professor Banks argues that the basic framework of FISA should be refashioned. The 2008 amendments to FISA permit broad, programmatic surveillance focused on patterns of suspicious activity and not on a specific individual. Banks argues that this broad surveillance is potentially intrusive and unaccompanied by safeguards to protect those whose information is gathered as an incident to the sweeping surveillance. As a result, he offers some benchmarks for rebuilding FISA that will both improve the efficacy of the surveillance programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1633-1667
Number of pages35
JournalTexas Law Review
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jun 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Law


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