Process evaluation of project webhealth: A nondieting web-based intervention for obesity prevention in college students

Colleen A. Dour, Tanya M Horacek, Susan M. Schembre, Barbara Lohse, Sharon Hoerr, Kendra Kattelmann, Adrienne A. White, Suzanne Shoff, Beatrice Phillips, Geoffrey Greene

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the motivational effect of the Project WebHealth study procedures and intervention components on weight-related health behavior changes in male and female college students. Design: Process evaluation. Setting: Eight universities in the United States. Participants: Project WebHealth participants (n = 653; 29% men). Main Outcome Measures: Participants rated motivational effects of study procedures and intervention components. Participants were grouped into outcome-based health behavior categories based on achievement of desired targets for fruit and vegetable intake, physical activity, and/or body weight. Analysis: Differences in motivation from each procedure and component were analyzed by gender- and outcome-based health behavior category. Results: Women were generally more motivated than men. Compared to those who did not meet any target health behaviors, men with improved health outcomes (68%) were significantly more motivated by the skills to fuel the body lesson, goal setting, and research snippets. Their female counterparts (63%) were significantly more motivated by the lessons on body size and eating enjoyment, and by the suggested weekly activities. Conclusions and Implications: Specific study procedures and components of Project WebHealth motivated study participants to improve their weight-related health behaviors, and they differed by gender. Findings support the need for gender-tailored interventions in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)288-295
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Volume45
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2013

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Keywords

  • Diet
  • Exercise
  • Health education
  • Motivation
  • Students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Dour, C. A., Horacek, T. M., Schembre, S. M., Lohse, B., Hoerr, S., Kattelmann, K., White, A. A., Shoff, S., Phillips, B., & Greene, G. (2013). Process evaluation of project webhealth: A nondieting web-based intervention for obesity prevention in college students. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 45(4), 288-295. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2012.10.001