Prevalence and correlates of sexual activity and HIV-related risk behavior among psychiatric outpatients

Michael P. Carey, Kate B. Carey, Stephen A. Maisto, Christopher M. Gordon, Peter A. Vanable

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

71 Scopus citations


This study investigates the prevalence and correlates of sexual activity and HIV-risk behavior among adults with a mental disorder. Demographic, psychiatric, sexual behavior, and substance-use data were available for 1,558 outpatients. During the past year, 69% were sexually active and 23% engaged in risky behavior. Risk markers included multiple sexual partners (19%), a sexually transmitted disease (4%), sex trading (3%), injection drug use (1%), and needle sharing (< 1%). Being sexually active and being at risk for HIV infection were associated with alcohol and drug use, psychiatric diagnoses other than schizophrenia, and younger age. Married patients were more likely to be sexually active but less likely to engage in risk behavior. Screening for HIV risk in psychiatric settings can identify patients who may benefit from risk reduction programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)846-850
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 27 2001


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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