Predictors of treatment outcome in a child and adolescent psychiatry clinic: A naturalistic exploration

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Abstract

We present data on predictors of treatment outcome for 3200 consecutive referrals to a child and adolescent psychiatry clinic. Using Reliable Change Index (RCI) methodology, we divided children into those who, between intake and discharge, improved, stayed the same, or got worse according to clinician-rated impairment. Most predictors of improvement were related to parent variables (marital status, maternal anxiety, and ethnicity), while those associated with deterioration were tied to child status (extent of psychiatric comorbidity, history of placement in a self-contained classroom, and a prior trial of psychotropic medications). The implications of these findings for data-driven program development, clinic management, treatment planning, and systems of care are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)213-217
Number of pages5
JournalChildren and Youth Services Review
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2012

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Keywords

  • Child mental health
  • Child psychiatry
  • Outcome
  • Predictors
  • RCI
  • Reliability of Change Index
  • System of care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Education
  • Sociology and Political Science

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