Predictors of treatment outcome for alcoholics treated by individualized behavior therapy

Stephen A. Maisto, Mark B. Sobell, Linda C. Sobell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Predictors of abstinent and controlled drinking outcomes were investigated for 69 male alcoholics who had participated in a study of individualized behavior therapy for alcoholics. Percent of days abstinent 19-24 mos following treatment and a measure reflecting control over drinking (Controlled Drinking Index) during that same interval were regressed on 3 posttreatment, 3 within-treatment and 7 pretreatment variables. These analyses suggested that drinking outcomes stabilize between 1 and 2 years following treatment and revealed that drinking behavior during the 6 mos preceding the criterion outcome interval was the best predictor of both outcomes. While a strong relationship was found between a controlled drinking treatment goal and controlled drinking outcomes, treatment goal was not related to abstinent outcomes. Total pretreatment alcohol-related hospitalizations were negatively related to controlled drinking outcomes. The contributions of these findings to an understanding of Client X Treatment X Outcome interactions are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)259-264
Number of pages6
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1980
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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