Post-Translational Modification Mimicry for Programmable Assembly of Elastin-Based Protein Polymers

Dieter M. Scheibel, Md Shahadat Hossain, Amy L. Smith, Christopher J. Lynch, Davoud Mozhdehi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Post-translational modification (PTM) of protein polymers is emerging as a powerful bioinspired strategy to create protein-based hybrid materials with molecularly encoded assembly and function for applications in nanobiotechnology and medicine. While these modifications can be accomplished by harnessing native biological machinery (i.e., enzymes), the evolutionarily programmed specificity of these enzymes (recognition of select substrates and the limited repertoire of ligation chemistries catalyzed by these enzymes) can limit the type and linkage of PTMs appended to proteins. One approach to overcome this limitation is to leverage advances in site-selective biomolecular modification to prepare synthetic mimics of naturally occurring PTMs that are absent in nature. As a proof of concept, we used scalable bio-orthogonal reactions to prepare synthetic mimics of lipidated proteins with tunable assembly and disassembly. Additionally, we demonstrated that our PTM mimicry regulates the stimuli-responsive phase behavior of intrinsically disordered biopolymers, modulates their self-assembly at the nanoscale, and can be used for programmable disassembly of these materials in acidic environments. Synthetic PTM mimicry opens a path to encode new assembly and disassembly capabilities into hybrid materials that cannot be produced via biosynthesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)371-376
Number of pages6
JournalACS Macro Letters
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 17 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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