Post-processing of Differentially Private Data: A Fairness Perspective

Keyu Zhu, Ferdinando Fioretto, Pascal Van Hentenryck

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Post-processing immunity is a fundamental property of differential privacy: it enables arbitrary data-independent transformations to differentially private outputs without affecting their privacy guarantees. Post-processing is routinely applied in data-release applications, including census data, which are then used to make allocations with substantial societal impacts. This paper shows that post-processing causes disparate impacts on individuals or groups and analyzes two critical settings: the release of differentially private datasets and the use of such private datasets for downstream decisions, such as the allocation of funds informed by US Census data. In the first setting, the paper proposes tight bounds on the unfairness for traditional post-processing mechanisms, giving a unique tool to decision makers to quantify the disparate impacts introduced by their release. In the second setting, this paper proposes a novel post-processing mechanism that is (approximately) optimal under different fairness metrics, either reducing fairness issues substantially or reducing the cost of privacy. The theoretical analysis is complemented with numerical simulations on Census data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 31st International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, IJCAI 2022
EditorsLuc De Raedt, Luc De Raedt
PublisherInternational Joint Conferences on Artificial Intelligence
Pages4029-4035
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781956792003
StatePublished - 2022
Event31st International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, IJCAI 2022 - Vienna, Austria
Duration: Jul 23 2022Jul 29 2022

Publication series

NameIJCAI International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence
ISSN (Print)1045-0823

Conference

Conference31st International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, IJCAI 2022
Country/TerritoryAustria
CityVienna
Period7/23/227/29/22

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence

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