Porewater acid/base chemistry in near-shore regions of an acidic lake - The influence of groundwater inputs

Garry C. Schafran, Charles T. Driscoll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sediment porewaters in the near-shore region (within 1 m of the shoreline) of an acidic lake (Dart's Lake) were monitored during the summer of 1983 to investigate whether spatial variations in porewater acid/base chemistry were significant in this region of the lake. Previous investigations of Dart's Lake porewaters have indicated that within deeper waters (>2m depth), sediment porewaters are elevated in alkalinity relative to overlying lake water. Within the near-shore region, porewaters both considerably more and less acidic than the lake water were observed. Both reduction of strong acid anions (SO42-, NO3-) and the mobilization of base cations were significant mechanisms of alkalinity production in porewaters exhibiting reducing conditions. In sediments reflecting oxic conditions, porewaters were generally more acidic than the lakewater. Measurement of groundwater seepage into the lake at the near-shore sites indicated that oxic sites exhibited elevated inputs of groundwater when compared to sites where reducing conditions existed. The acidic porewaters associated with high groundwater flows suggests that groundwater inputs to the lake may be a source of acidity (not alkalinity) on a whole-lake basis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)131-150
Number of pages20
JournalBiogeochemistry
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 1990

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Keywords

  • acidic deposition
  • alkalinity
  • groundwater
  • porewater

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Earth-Surface Processes

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