Polymer photovoltaics with top metal electrode deposited by solution-processing

Evan Ngo, Swaminathan Venkatesan, Qiquan Qiao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


In this paper, fully solution-processed organic solar cells were fabricated on prepurchased tin-doped indium oxide (ITO)-coated glass using the inverted architecture. Solution-processed electrodes consisting of ITO nanoparticle, silver (Ag) nanowire, or Ag nanoparticle films were used as the anode in the devices. Electrode deposition for solution-processed components was accomplished by using a commercially available airbrush with compressed dry nitrogen as the carrier gas. Morphologies of the deposited electrodes and the solution-processed electron blocking layer can be seen as topography images using atomic force microscopy. Cells fabricated with a solution-processed electrode show comparable device performances to that of an evaporated electrode using a similar structure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6840955
Pages (from-to)2957-2962
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Electron Devices
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Active layer
  • airbrush
  • polymer solar cells
  • solution-processed
  • spray coating.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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