Policy Interventions for an Agriculture-Based Malaria Medicine Supply Chain

Burak Kazaz, Scott Webster, Prashant Yadav

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

In this chapter, we examine policy interventions to improve the efficiency and risk mitigation methods in an agriculture-based malaria medicine. Artemisinin combination therapy (ACT) is the most effective malaria treatment. ACT is obtained from artemisinin which is extracted from the leaves of plant called Artemisia annua. The price of artemisinin exhibited significant variations in recent years. Our study benefits donor organizations such the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB, and malaria and the US President’s Malaria Initiative, the World Health Organization, UNITAID, the United Kingdom Department for International Development, and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation in multiple ways: it helps increase the level of artemisinin production, reduce volatility of artemisinin prices, and improve access to malaria medicines for the regions in need. Using field data, our model shows that interventions aimed at improving average yield, creating a support-price for agricultural artemisinin, and carefully managing the supply of semi-synthetic artemisinin help improve the supply of artemisinin, reducing the price fluctuations in the malaria medicine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSpringer Series in Supply Chain Management
PublisherSpringer Nature
Pages229-245
Number of pages17
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Publication series

NameSpringer Series in Supply Chain Management
Volume12
ISSN (Print)2365-6395
ISSN (Electronic)2365-6409

Keywords

  • Health care
  • Malaria
  • Supply and demand uncertainty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management of Technology and Innovation
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Control and Optimization

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