Physical functioning and disability trajectories by age of migration among mexican elders in the United States

Marc A. Garcia, Adriana M. Reyes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To address a gap in our understanding of the long-term consequences of nativity and age of migration for the health of the Mexican elderly population. Method: We employ age graded latent growth curve models stratified by gender to examine the extent of physical functioning and disability, measured in terms of performance-oriented mobility assessments (POMAs) and activities of daily living (ADLs) after age 65 in a large longitudinal sample of Mexican-origin individuals. Results: Self-care measured ADLs show no age of migration differences. However, physical capacity measured POMAs differ significantly for men and women by age of migration. Migrants who arrived in midlife have fewer functional limitations at age 65 but have steeper increase in POMAs with age. Discussion: With a rapidly changing demographic profile that includes a large number of aging Mexican-origin immigrants, our society must implement social and health policies to ameliorate the negative health outcomes among immigrant and U.S.-born minority groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1292-1302
Number of pages11
JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Volume73
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Age of migration
  • Disability trajectories
  • Mexican elderly

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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