Physical education teachers' and teacher candidates' attitudes toward cultural pluralism

Luis Columna, John T. Foley, Rebecca K. Lytle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyze both male and female physical education teacher attitudes toward cultural pluralism and diversity. Participants (N = 433) were adapted physical education specialists, physical education generalists, and teacher candidates. The research method was a descriptive cross-sectional survey (Fraenkel & Wallen, 1990). Data were collected using a modified version of the Pluralism and Diversity Attitude Assessment survey (Stanley, 1997). Mann-Whitney U tests showed no significant differences in attitude scores between teachers and teacher candidates. However, women's attitude scores were significantly higher than men's. Further Friedman's ANOVA test showed statistical differences on the survey's constructs for gender and professional status. Post hoc analysis indicated that the groups scored significantly higher on the construct, Value Cultural Pluralism than Implement Cultural Pluralism. This means teachers generally valued cultural diversity, but struggled to implement culturally responsive pedagogy. In conclusion, physical educators may need better preparation to ensure cultural competence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)295-311
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Teaching in Physical Education
Volume29
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2010
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Gender
  • Physical education
  • Special needs populations
  • Teaching

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Education

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