Patient-Reported Bothersome Symptoms Attributed to Alcohol Use Among People With and Without HIV

Kirsha S. Gordon, William C. Becker, Kendall J. Bryant, Stephen Crystal, Stephen A. Maisto, Brandon D.L. Marshall, D. Keith McInnes, Derek D. Satre, Emily C. Williams, E. Jennifer Edelman, Amy C. Justice

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Helping people with HIV (PWH) and without HIV (PWoH) understand the relationship between physical symptoms and alcohol use might help motivate them to decrease use. In surveys collected in the Veterans Aging Cohort Study from 2002 to 2018, PWH and PWoH were asked about 20 common symptoms and whether they thought any were caused by alcohol use. Analyses were restricted to current alcohol users (AUDIT-C > 0). We applied generalized estimating equations. The outcome was having any Symptoms Attributed to Alcohol use (SxAA). Primary independent variables were each of the 20 symptoms and HIV status. Compared to PWoH, PWH had increased odds of SxAA (OR 1.54; 95% CI 1.27, 1.88). Increased AUDIT-C score was also associated with SxAA (OR 1.32; 95% CI 1.28, 1.36), as were trouble remembering, anxiety, and weight loss/wasting. Evidence that specific symptoms are attributed to alcohol use may help motive people with and without HIV decrease their alcohol use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3589-3596
Number of pages8
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2022


  • Alcohol
  • HIV
  • Symptoms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases


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