Pathological personality traits among patients with absent, current, and remitted substance use disorders

Christopher J. Hopwood, Leslie C. Morey, Andrew E. Skodol, Charles A. Sanislow, Carlos M. Grilo, Emily B. Ansell, Thomas H. McGlashan, John C. Markowitz, Anthony Pinto, Shirley Yen, M. Tracie Shea, John G. Gunderson, Mary C. Zanarini, Robert L. Stout

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Personality traits may provide underlying risk factors for and/or sequelae to substance use disorders (SUDs). In this study Schedule for Nonadaptive and Adaptive Personality (SNAP) traits were compared in a clinical sample (N. = 704, age 18-45) with current, past, or no historical alcohol or non-alcohol substance use disorders (AUD and NASUD) as assessed by DSM-IV semi-structured interview. Results corroborated previous research in showing associations of negative temperament and disinhibition to SUD, highlighting the importance of these traits for indicating substance use proclivity or the chronic effects of substance use. Certain traits (manipulativeness, self-harm, disinhibition, and impulsivity for AUD, and disinhibition and exhibitionism for NASUD) were higher among individuals with current relative to past diagnoses, perhaps indicating concurrent effects of substance abuse on personality. The positive temperament characteristics detachment and entitlement distinguished AUDs and NASUDs, respectively, perhaps clarifying why this higher order trait tends to show limited relations to SUD generally. These findings suggest the importance of systematically integrating pathological and normative traits in reference to substance-related diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1087-1090
Number of pages4
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Volume36
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2011

Keywords

  • Alcohol use disorders
  • Personality
  • Personality disorders
  • SNAP
  • Substance use disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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    Hopwood, C. J., Morey, L. C., Skodol, A. E., Sanislow, C. A., Grilo, C. M., Ansell, E. B., McGlashan, T. H., Markowitz, J. C., Pinto, A., Yen, S., Shea, M. T., Gunderson, J. G., Zanarini, M. C., & Stout, R. L. (2011). Pathological personality traits among patients with absent, current, and remitted substance use disorders. Addictive Behaviors, 36(11), 1087-1090. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2011.06.006