Passive and electrically actuated solid-state nanopores for sensing and manipulating DNA

Zhijun Jiang, Mirna Mihovilovic, Erin Teich, Derek Stein

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Solid-state nanopores have emerged as powerful new tools for electrically characterizing single DNA molecules. When DNA molecules are made to rapidly translocate a nanopore by electrophoresis, the resulting ionic current blockage provides information about the molecular length and folding conformation. A solid-state nanopore can also be integrated with nanofabricated actuators and sensors, such as an embedded gate electrode or transverse tunneling electrodes, to enhance its functionality. Here we describe detailed methods for fabricating passive solid-state nanopores and using them to detect DNA translocations. We also describe procedures for integrating electrodes into the nanopore membrane in order to create an electrically active structure. Finally, we describe how to modulate the ionic conductance through a pore whose inner surface is surrounded by an embedded annular gate electrode.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationNanopore-Based Technology
EditorsMaria E. Gracheva
Pages241-264
Number of pages24
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameMethods in Molecular Biology
Volume870
ISSN (Print)1064-3745

Keywords

  • DNA
  • Electrode
  • Fabrication
  • Integrated
  • Nanopore
  • Sensing
  • Single-molecule
  • Solid-state

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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