Partner interactions are associated with reduced blood pressure in the natural environment: Ambulatory monitoring evidence from a healthy, multiethnic adult sample

Brooks B. Gump, Deborah E. Polk, Thomas W. Kamarck, Saul M. Shiffman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

56 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the effects of partner interactions on ambulatory blood pressure in a sample of 120 healthy adults who were monitored over a 6-day period. Methods: After each blood pressure measurement, participants rated characteristics of ongoing social interactions, along with emotional activation, physical activity, talking, posture, and other covariates, with computer-assisted self-report assessments. Results: Using multilevel modeling, we showed that blood pressure was significantly lower during social interactions with one's partner relative to social interactions with any other person and relative to periods of not interacting. Interactions with partners also were characterized by significantly less talking and emotional activation and more intimacy and perceived emotional support; however, these differences did not mediate the partner effect on blood pressure. In addition, the relative benefits of interacting with a partner were not moderated by relationship quality, gender, or race. Conclusions: The effects of social situations on ambulatory blood pressure may represent one pathway through which social relationships affect cardiovascular health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)423-433
Number of pages11
JournalPsychosomatic Medicine
Volume63
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Cardiovascular health
  • Partner interactions
  • Social interaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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