Parallel interactive retrieval of item and associative information from event memory

Gregory E. Cox, Amy H. Criss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Memory contains information about individual events (items) and combinations of events (associations). Despite the fundamental importance of this distinction, it remains unclear exactly how these two kinds of information are stored and whether different processes are used to retrieve them. We use both model-independent qualitative properties of response dynamics and quantitative modeling of individuals to address these issues. Item and associative information are not independent and they are retrieved concurrently via interacting processes. During retrieval, matching item and associative information mutually facilitate one another to yield an amplified holistic signal. Modeling of individuals suggests that this kind of facilitation between item and associative retrieval is a ubiquitous feature of human memory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-61
Number of pages31
JournalCognitive Psychology
StatePublished - Sep 2017


  • Associative recognition
  • Bayesian statistics
  • Episodic memory
  • Memory models
  • Systems factorial technology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Artificial Intelligence


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