The densest packings of N unit squares in a torus are studied using analytical methods as well as simulated annealing. A rich array of dense packing solutions are found: density-one packings when N is the sum of two square integers; a family of 'gapped bricklayer' Bravais lattice solutions with density N/(N + 1); and some surprising non-Bravais lattice configurations, including lattices of holes as well as a configuration for N = 23 in which not all squares share the same orientation. The entropy of some of these configurations and the frequency and orientation of density-one solutions as N → ∞ are discussed.
|Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment
|Published - Jan 2012
- jamming and packing
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty