Optical and mechanical rheometry of semiflexible main-chain thermotropic liquid-crystalline polymers with varying pendant groups

Dong Ok Kim, Chang Dae Han, Patrick T. Mather

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

A specially designed flow cell was used to investigate birefringence in transient shear flow, Ara(y,), of three semiflexible main-chain thermotropic liquid-crystalline polymers (TLCPs), poly[(x)-pphenylene l,10-decamethylenebis(4-oxybenzoate)] (PxHQIO) with varying pendant side groups (x = oxyethyleneethoxy, ferf-butyl, or phenylsulfonyl). Also, shear rheometry was used to investigate the growth of shear stress a+(y,t) and first normal stress difference Ni+(y,t) during transient shear flow of the same TLCPs. Upon startup of shear flow, &n+(y,t) initially increases rapidly, follows two minor overshoots, and then levels off to attain a steady-state value Ära in all three TLCPs. The steady-state value of An for PSHQ10 (PxHQIO with x = phenylsulfonyl pendant side group) was found to be greater than that for PEHQ10 (PxHQIO with x = ethoxy pendant side group) and PTHQ10 (PxHQIO with x = tert-butyl pendant side group). This behavior is strongly correlated to the large van der Waals volume of phenylsulfonyl pendant side groups in PSHQ10 compared to that of ethoxy pendant side groups in PEHQ10 and tertbutyl pendant side groups in PTHQ10. It is also observed that Ni+(y,t) exhibits a very large overshoot followed by an oscillatory decay to attain a steady-state value NI, while a (y,t) shows a very large overshoot followed by a rapid monotonie decrease to attain a steady-state value,J. The peak values of N+(y,t) and a+(y,t) for PSHQ10 were found to be 3-4 times greater than those for both PEHQ10 and PTHQ10, which we again attribute to the bulky phenylsulfonyl pendant side groups in PSHQ10. Only positive values of Ni+(y,t) and Ni were observed over the entire range of shear rates investigated. Variations of the ratio Ni+(y,t)/a+(y,t) with shear strain (yt) were found to be very similar to variations of An+(y,t) with yt for all three TLCPs investigated, except for that the ratio N+(y,t)lo+(y,t) reached a steady state sooner than An+(y,t). In steady-state shear flow, it is observed that the ratio.M/a overlaps A over the entire range of temperatures investigated; specifically, both the ratio NI/O and An remain constant at temperatures far below the clearing temperature (ïNI), decrease gradually as the temperature approaches TNi, and drop precipitously to zero value at and near TNI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7922-7930
Number of pages9
JournalMacromolecules
Volume33
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 17 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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