Online fault detection and fault tolerance in electrical energy storage systems

Yanzhi Wang, Xue Lin, Massoud Pedram, Naehyuck Chang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Entry/PoemConference contribution

3 Scopus citations


Electrical energy storage (EES) systems have broad application in portable electronic devices, electrical vehicles, data centers, etc. Faulty EES elements, i.e., open-circuited or short-circuited EES elements, which result in a shortening of the system lifetime, are inevitable especially for long-term use of EES systems. Manual EES element fault detection and elimination incur significant overhead and require the EES system to stop operation during the fault detection process. Therefore, online fault detection and tolerance methods without manual intervention provide great benefit in operability of the EES system. Existing EES system diagnosis techniques have limitations in that (i) they only focus on battery arrays and rely on battery management units for fault detection, and (ii) they lack systematic online fault tolerance architecture. In this paper, a framework of online fault detection and tolerance for supercapacitor EES arrays is presented. Precisely, an enhanced EES array reconfiguration architecture that serves as the hardware support is described, and efficient algorithms for online fault detection and tolerance are presented. The proposed fault detection algorithm identifies faulty supercapacitors with logarithmic time complexity. The fault tolerance algorithm bypasses faulty supercapacitors and produces the optimal configuration of the supercapacitor array considering the converter efficiency variation. The proposed method is not limited to a supercapacitor array. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed fault detection and tolerance technique reduces the fault-induced EES system performance degradation by up to 91%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2014 IEEE PES General Meeting / Conference and Exposition
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
ISBN (Electronic)9781479964154
StatePublished - Oct 29 2014
Externally publishedYes
Event2014 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting - National Harbor, United States
Duration: Jul 27 2014Jul 31 2014

Publication series

NameIEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting
ISSN (Print)1944-9925
ISSN (Electronic)1944-9933


Other2014 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityNational Harbor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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