On the measurement of criterion noise in signal detection theory: The case of recognition memory

David Kellen, Karl Christoph Klauer, Henrik Singmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Traditional approaches within the framework of signal detection theory (SDT; Green & Swets, 1966), especially in the field of recognition memory, assume that the positioning of response criteria is not a noisy process. Recent work (Benjamin, Diaz, & Wee, 2009; Mueller & Weidemann, 2008) has challenged this assumption, arguing not only for the existence of criterion noise but also for its large magnitude and substantive contribution to individuals' performance. A review of these recent approaches for the measurement of criterion noise in SDT identifies several shortcomings and confoundings. A reanalysis of Benjamin et al.'s (2009) data sets as well as the results from a new experimental method indicate that the different forms of criterion noise proposed in the recognition memory literature are of very low magnitudes, and they do not provide a significant improvement over the account already given by traditional SDT without criterion noise.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)457-479
Number of pages23
JournalPsychological review
Volume119
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Decision making
  • Recognition memory
  • Response criteria
  • Signal detection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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