On Performance Comparison of Multi-Antenna HD-NOMA, SCMA, and PD-NOMA Schemes

Animesh Yadav, Chen Quan, Pramod K. Varshney, H. Vincent Poor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


In this letter, we study the uplink channel throughput performance of a proposed novel multiple-antenna hybrid-domain non-orthogonal multiple access (MA-HD-NOMA) scheme. This scheme combines the conventional sparse code multiple access (SCMA) and power-domain NOMA (PD-NOMA) schemes in order to increase the number of users served as compared to conventional NOMA schemes and uses multiple antennas at the base station. To this end, a joint resource allocation problem for the MA-HD-NOMA scheme is formulated that maximizes the sum rate of the entire system. For a comprehensive comparison, the joint resource allocation problems for the multi-antenna SCMA (MA-SCMA) and multi-antenna PD-NOMA (MA-PD-NOMA) schemes with the same overloading factor are formulated as well. Each of the formulated problems is a mixed-integer non-convex program, and hence, we apply successive convex approximation (SCA)- and reweighted ell{1} minimization-based approaches to obtain rapidly converging solutions. Numerical results reveal that the proposed MA-HD-NOMA scheme has superior performance compared to MA-SCMA and MA-PD-NOMA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9274393
Pages (from-to)715-719
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Wireless Communications Letters
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Hybrid-domain non-orthogonal multiple access (HD-NOMA)
  • multiple-antenna NOMA
  • power-domain NOMA (PD-NOMA)
  • sparse code multiple access (SCMA)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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