On exploiting flow allocation with rate adaptation for green networking

Jian Tang, Brendan Mumey, Yun Xing, Andy Johnson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Entry/PoemConference contribution

13 Scopus citations


Network power consumption can be reduced considerably by adapting link data rates to their offered traffic loads. In this paper, we exploit how to leverage rate adaptation for green networking by studying the following flow allocation problem in wired networks: Given a set of candidate paths for each end-to-end communication session, determine how to allocate flow (data traffic) along these paths such that power consumption is minimized, subject to the constraint that the traffic demand of each session is satisfied. According to recent measurement studies, we consider a discrete step increasing function for link power consumption. We address both the single and multiple communication session cases and formulate them as two optimization problems, namely, the Single-session Flow allocation with Rate Adaptation Problem (SF-RAP), and the Multi-session Flow Allocation with Rate Adaptation Problem (MF-RAP). We first show that both problems are NP-hard and present a Mixed Integer Linear Programming (MILP) formulation for the MF-RAP to provide optimal solutions. Then we present a 2-approximation algorithm for the SF-RAP, and a general flow allocation framework as well as an LP-based heuristic algorithm for the MF-RAP. Simulation results show that the algorithm proposed for the SF-RAP consistently outperforms a shortest path based baseline solution and the algorithms proposed for the MF-RAP provide close-to-optimal solutions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2012 Proceedings IEEE INFOCOM, INFOCOM 2012
Number of pages9
StatePublished - 2012
EventIEEE Conference on Computer Communications, INFOCOM 2012 - Orlando, FL, United States
Duration: Mar 25 2012Mar 30 2012

Publication series

NameProceedings - IEEE INFOCOM
ISSN (Print)0743-166X


OtherIEEE Conference on Computer Communications, INFOCOM 2012
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityOrlando, FL


  • Green networking
  • flow allocation
  • power efficiency
  • rate adaptation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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