Older parent-child relationships in six developed nations: Comparisons at the intersection of affection and conflict

Merril Silverstein, Daphna Gans, Ariela Lowenstein, Roseann Giarrusso, Vern L. Bengtson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

78 Scopus citations

Abstract

Intergenerational solidarity and ambivalence paradigms suggest that emotional relationships between generations consist of both positive and negative sentiments. We applied latent class analysis to measures of affection and conflict in 2,698 older parent-child relationships in 6 developed nations: England, Germany, Israel, Norway, Spain, and the United States (Southern California). The best fitting model consisted of 4 latent classes distributed differently across nations but with a cross-nationally invariant measurement structure. After controlling for demographics, health, coresidence, contact, and support, the following classes were overrepresented in corresponding nations: amicable (England), detached (Germany and Spain), disharmonious (United States), ambivalent (Israel). We discuss policy and cultural differences across societies that may explain why the prevalence of particular emotional types varied by nation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1006-1021
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Marriage and Family
Volume72
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Ambivalence
  • Emotions
  • Intergenerational
  • International
  • Solidarity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anthropology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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