Older Adult Compendium of Physical Activities: Energy costs of human activities in adults aged 60 and older

Erik A. Willis, Stephen D. Herrmann, Mary Hastert, Chelsea L. Kracht, Tiago V. Barreira, John M. Schuna, Zhenghua Cai, Minghui Quan, Scott A. Conger, Wendy J. Brown, Barbara E. Ainsworth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Purpose: To describe the development of a Compendium for estimating the energy costs of activities in adults ≥60 years (OA Compendium). Methods: Physical activities (PAs) and their metabolic equivalent of task (MET) values were obtained from a systematic search of studies published in 4 sport and exercise databases (PubMed, Embase, SPORTDiscus (EBSCOhost), and Scopus) and a review of articles included in the 2011 Adult Compendium that measured PA in older adults. MET values were computed as the oxygen cost (VO2, mL/kg/min) during PA divided by 2.7 mL/kg/min (MET60+) to account for the lower resting metabolic rate in older adults. Results: We identified 68 articles and extracted energy expenditure data on 427 PAs. From these, we derived 99 unique Specific Activity codes with corresponding MET60+ values for older adults. We developed a website to present the OA Compendium MET60+ values: https://pacompendium.com. Conclusion: The OA Compendium uses data collected from adults ≥60 years for more accurate estimation of the energy cost of PAs in older adults. It is an accessible resource that will allow researchers, educators, and practitioners to find MET60+ values for older adults for use in PA research and practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-17
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Sport and Health Science
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2024


  • Energy expenditure
  • Exercise
  • MET
  • Older adults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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