Nutrient analysis of varying socioeconomic status home food environments in New Jersey

Scott D. Schefske, Anne C. Bellows, Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Cara L. Cuite, Holly Rapport, Teresa Vivar, William K. Hallman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Home food inventories of Oaxacan Mexican-American and African-American families of low-socioeconomic status living in an urban area in New Jersey with at least one child under the age of 12 were conducted using Universal Product Code scanning. The African-American and Oaxacan household food supplies were compared with a sample of White households, also with at least one child under the age of 12, not of low-socioeconomic status. Nutrient Adequacy Ratios for total fat, saturated fat, cholesterol, sodium, total carbohydrate, sugar, dietary fiber, protein, vitamin A, vitamin C, calcium, and iron were used to quantify the adequacy of household food supplies per 2000 cal. The food supplies of the White households had significantly more calcium, vitamin A, and sugar and less total fat than the other two samples. The home food supplies of African-American households contained significantly less vitamin C than White and Oaxacan households. Compared to both other samples, Oaxacan household food supplies were lower in protein, sodium, and iron. Per 2000 cal, African-American households had the lowest supply of nutrients recommended to be maximized (i.e., vitamin A, vitamin C, calcium, iron, protein, and dietary fiber) and highest supply of nutrients to be minimized (i.e., total fat, cholesterol, sodium, and sugar). Overall household food quality scores were lowest for the African-American sample with no differences between Oaxacan and White household food supply quality scores.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)384-389
Number of pages6
JournalAppetite
Volume54
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • African-American
  • Barcodes
  • Home food inventory
  • Household
  • Immigrant population
  • Low-socioeconomic status
  • Nutrient analysis
  • Oaxacan
  • Universal Product Code

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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  • Cite this

    Schefske, S. D., Bellows, A. C., Byrd-Bredbenner, C., Cuite, C. L., Rapport, H., Vivar, T., & Hallman, W. K. (2010). Nutrient analysis of varying socioeconomic status home food environments in New Jersey. Appetite, 54(2), 384-389. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2010.01.007