Normative peak 30-min cadence (Steps per minute) values for older adults: Nhanes 2005-2006

Elroy J. Aguiar, John M. Schuna, Tiago V. Barreira, Emily F. Mire, Stephanie T. Broyles, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, William D. Johnson, Catrine Tudor-Locke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Walking cadence (steps per minute) is associated with the intensity of ambulatory behavior. This analysis provides normative values for peak 30-min cadence, an indicator of "natural best effort" during free-living behavior. A sample of 1,196 older adults (aged from 60 to 85+) with accelerometer data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005-2006 was used. Peak 30-min cadence was calculated for each individual. Quintile-defined values were computed, stratified by sex and age groups. Smoothed sex-specific centile curves across the age span were fitted using the LMS method. Peak 30-min cadence generally trended lower as age increased. The uppermost quintile value was >85 steps/min (men: 60-64 years), and the lowermost quintile value was <22 steps/min (women: 85+). The highest 95th centile value was 103 steps/min (men: 64-70 years), and the lowest 5th centile value was 15 steps/min (women: 85+). These normative values may be useful for evaluating older adults' "natural best effort" during free-living ambulatory behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)625-632
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Aging and Physical Activity
Volume27
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Accelerometer
  • Walking
  • Wearable

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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    Aguiar, E. J., Schuna, J. M., Barreira, T. V., Mire, E. F., Broyles, S. T., Katzmarzyk, P. T., Johnson, W. D., & Tudor-Locke, C. (2019). Normative peak 30-min cadence (Steps per minute) values for older adults: Nhanes 2005-2006. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 27(5), 625-632. https://doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0316