Nonviolence beyond the state: International NGOs and local nonviolent mobilization

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Abstract

Studies of nonviolence have taught us much about what makes nonviolence successful, emphasizing the importance of local circumstance and strategy. Little attention has been given to the effect of ties with international organizations on nonviolence: that is, how the embeddedness of local actors in global networks shapes nonviolent mobilization. In this article, a world society framework is applied with the objective of understanding the transnational factors shaping local nonviolent mobilization. Through global and historical models exploring political, economic, and cultural factors, it is found that: first, the global integration and structure of the nation-state is an important and significant factor in shaping the emergence of nonviolent movements; second, integration into global civil society networks significantly increases the likelihood for large-scale nonviolent resistance; and third, ties to a specialized network of nonviolent organizations significantly shape the path toward nonviolence over violent means of resistance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)655-674
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Sociology
Volume34
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Global civil society
  • INGOs
  • nonviolence
  • nonviolent resistance
  • transnational mobilization
  • world society

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science

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