Neuropsychology findings and pharmacological treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Donald E. Greydanus, Gabriel Kaplan, Kevin M. Antshel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is noted in 3-9% of children and adolescents by American research, three times more common in males than females; it is found in 3%-5% of adults with equal male to female ratios if the diagnostic criteria are based on the DSM. The neuropsychiatric etiology of ADHD was suspected from early on so that significant research was aimed at elucidating its neuropsychological deficits. Impairments in attention, impulse control, and motor activity -the condition's core deficits- are well documented in neuropsychological studies. So are the beneficial effects of medication for ADHD which have been unambiguously supported by hundreds of studies in the expert academic literature. While stimulants are the most effective therapeutic agents, non stimulants also play an important role. Theoretical constructs linking molecular neurotransmitter actions to neuroanatomical macro structures and cognitive and behavioral findings have found solid empirical confirmations. Although medication related cognitive improvements appear to be supported only in short term studies, it is recommended that ADHD be actively treated, as patients with this condition can show serious long term disabilities that go beyond academic failure, and overall clinical improvements are strong and the agents prescribed relatively safe.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationDisability and Chronic Disease
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Pages101-120
Number of pages20
ISBN (Electronic)9781629483078
ISBN (Print)9781629482880
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Greydanus, D. E., Kaplan, G., & Antshel, K. M. (2013). Neuropsychology findings and pharmacological treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. In Disability and Chronic Disease (pp. 101-120). Nova Science Publishers, Inc..