Negative affect and job search: Further examination of the reverse causation hypothesis

Craig D. Crossley, Jeffrey M. Stanton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Scopus citations


The present study examined a longitudinal model of state and trait negative affect as predictors of job-search success. Job-search self-efficacy and job-search intensity were also examined as mediators of the negative affect - Job-search success relation. Overall the model offered mixed support for Kasl's (1982) Reverse Causation Hypothesis. Results suggested that trait negative affectivity had a direct negative relationship with subsequent job-search success (i.e., number of offers and job status). Results also suggested that trait negative affectivity related indirectly to interview success through job-search self-efficacy and job search intensity. Contrary to the Reverse Causation Hypothesis, positive relationships were found between distress (state negative affect) and job search outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)549-560
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Vocational Behavior
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1 2005


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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