NATURE OF POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE INCENTIVE-MOTIVATIONAL EFFECTS ON GENERAL ACTIVITY

DALBIR BINDRA, TIBOR PALFAI

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

REINFORCEMENT-LINKED OR INCENTIVE-MOTIVATIONAL CHANGES IN GENERAL ACTIVITY WERE STUDIED BY CLASSICALLY CONDITIONING THIRSTY RATS WITH CS+ (UCS: WATER) AND CS- (UCS: ELECTRIC SHOCK), AND, IN ANOTHER SITUATION MEASURING THEIR ACTIVITY IN THE PRESENCE AND ABSENCE OF CSS. IN EXP. I, RATS WERE CONDITIONED WHILE HELD INACTIVE IN RESTRAINERS; IN EXP. II, THE INCIDENCE OF PERAMBULATION, GROOMING, AND SITTING WAS MEASURED; IN EXP. III, DRIVE LEVEL WAS VARIED. AS COMPARED TO CONTROL CONDITIONS, CS+ INCREASED EXPLORATORY PERAMBULATION AND CS- INCREASED MOTIONLESS SITTING. REDUCTION IN DRIVE DECREASED PERAMBULATION AND INCREASED GROOMING. INCENTIVE-MOTIVATIONAL STIMULI MAY INDUCE POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE CENTRAL STATES WHICH, TOGETHER WITH SITUATIONAL CUES, DETERMINE THE FORM OF ACTIVITY. (17 REF.) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)288-297
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology
Volume63
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1967

Keywords

  • WATER VS SHOCK AS UCS, SUBSEQUENT ACTIVITY IN PRESENCE OR ABSENCE OF CS, THIRSTY RAT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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