Nativity and Country of Origin Variations in Life Expectancy With Functional Limitations Among Older Hispanics in the United States

Marc A. Garcia, Adriana M. Reyes, Catherine García, Chi Tsun Chiu, Grecia Macias

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined racial/ethnic, nativity, and country of origin differences in life expectancy with and without functional limitations among older adults in the United States. We used data from the National Health Interview Survey (1999–2015) to estimate Sullivan-based life tables of life expectancies with functional limitations and without functional limitations by sex for U.S.-born Mexicans, foreign-born Mexicans, U.S.-born Puerto Ricans, island-born Puerto Ricans, foreign-born Cubans, and U.S.-born Whites. We find that Latinos exhibit heterogeneous life expectancies with functional limitations. Among females, U.S.-born Mexicans, foreign-born Mexicans, and foreign-born Cubans spend significantly fewer years without functional limitations, whereas island-born Puerto Ricans spend more years with functional limitations. For men, U.S.-born Puerto Ricans were the only Latino subgroup disadvantaged in the number of years lived with functional limitations. Conversely, foreign-born Cubans spend significantly fewer years without functional limitations. To address disparities in functional limitations, we must consider variation in health among Latino subgroups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-207
Number of pages9
JournalResearch on Aging
Volume42
Issue number7-8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Latinos
  • functional limitations
  • life expectancy
  • race/ethnic disparities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Health(social science)
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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