Nanoscale axial position and orientation measurement of hexagonal boron nitride quantum emitters using a tunable nanophotonic environment

Pankaj K. Jha, Hamidreza Akbari, Yonghwi Kim, Souvik Biswas, Harry A. Atwater

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Color centers in hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) have emerged as promising candidates for single-photon emitters (SPEs) due to their bright emission characteristics at room temperature. In contrast to mono- and few-layered hBN, color centers in multi-layered flakes show superior emission characteristics such as higher saturation counts and spectral stability. Here, we report a method for determining both the axial position and three-dimensional dipole orientation of SPEs in thick hBN flakes by tuning the photonic local density of states using vanadium dioxide (VO2), a phase change material. Quantum emitters under study exhibit a strong surface-normal dipole orientation, providing some insight on the atomic structure of hBN SPEs, deeply embedded in thick crystals. Next, we optimized a hot pickup technique to reproducibly transfer the hBN flake from VO2/sapphire substrate onto SiO2/Si substrate and relocated the same emitters. Our approach serves as a practical method to systematically characterize SPEs in hBN prior to integration in quantum photonics systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number015001
JournalNanotechnology
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • hBN
  • hexagonal boron nitride
  • quantum emitter
  • vanadium dioxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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