Mutualism, the Evolutionary Ecology of

Research output: Chapter in Book/Entry/PoemChapter


Mutualisms are interactions among species in which the participants receive a fitness benefit. Almost all organisms are engaged in at least one mutualistic interaction and mutualisms forms the basis of many, if not all, communities and ecosystems. This article provides an overview of how these important interactions originate, remain stable, and are influenced by the presence of other species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Evolutionary Biology
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9780128004265
ISBN (Print)9780128000496
StatePublished - Apr 14 2016


  • Antagonism
  • Cheater
  • Coevolution
  • Community context
  • Exploitation
  • Host sanctions
  • Mutualism
  • Partner choice
  • Partner fidelity feedback
  • Specialization
  • Yucca moths

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology


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