Multisensory integration of redundant trisensory stimulation

Carl Erick Hagmann, Natalie Russo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Integration of sensory information across modalities can confer behavioral advantages by decreasing perceptual ambiguity, increasing reaction time, and increasing detection accuracy relative to unisensory stimuli. We asked how combinations of auditory, visual, and somatosensory events alter response time. Participants detected stimulation on one side of space (right or left) while ignoring stimulation on the other side of space. There were seven types of suprathreshold stimuli: auditory (tones from speakers), visual (sinusoidal contrast gratings), somatosensory (fingertip vibrations), audio-visual, somato-visual, audio-somatosensory, and audio-somato-visual. Response enhancement and race model analysis confirmed that bisensory and trisensory trials enhanced response time relative to unisensory trials. Exploratory analysis of individual differences in intersensory facilitation revealed that participants fit into one of two groups: those who benefitted from trisensory information and those who did not.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2558-2568
Number of pages11
JournalAttention, Perception, and Psychophysics
Issue number8
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016


  • Auditory
  • Focused attention
  • Multisensory
  • Somatosensory
  • Visual

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Sensory Systems
  • Linguistics and Language


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