Multiquark States

Marek Karliner, Jonathan L. Rosner, Tomasz Skwarnicki

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

178 Scopus citations


Why do we see certain types of strongly interacting elementary particles and not others? This question was posed more than 50 years ago in the context of the quark model. M. Gell-Mann and G. Zweig proposed that the known mesons were and baryons qqq, with the quarks known at the time, u (up), d (down), and s (strange), having charges of 2/3, -1/3, and -1/3, respectively. Mesons and baryons would then have integral charges. Mesons such as and baryons such as would also have integral charges. Why weren't they seen? They have now been seen, but only with additional heavy quarks and under conditions that tell us a lot about the strong interactions and how they manifest themselves. This review describes recent progress in our understanding of such exotic mesons and baryons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-44
Number of pages28
JournalAnnual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science
StatePublished - Oct 19 2018


  • QCD
  • exotic hadrons
  • hadron spectroscopy
  • pentaquarks
  • tetraquarks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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