Mounting Defense

Research output: Chapter in Book/Entry/PoemChapter


The fear of many advocates was whether Trump would terminate the sea-level effort since it was clearly a climate mission. Freilich protected the sea-level satellites, including those for glacial melt observation, in behind-the-scenes negotiations with the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and Congress. Trump did seek to kill a number of climate satellites each year he was president and failed as Congress put back the money he extracted. Freilich retired in 2019 and soon after, in 2020, died. Europe and NASA honored his memory by naming the satellite he had helped make possible Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich. It launched in 2020, with a duplicate to follow later in the decade.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPalgrave Studies in the History of Science and Technology
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Number of pages13
StatePublished - 2023

Publication series

NamePalgrave Studies in the History of Science and Technology
VolumePart F1542
ISSN (Print)2730-972X
ISSN (Electronic)2730-9738


  • A NASA–Europe alliance
  • Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
  • Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • History
  • History and Philosophy of Science


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