### Abstract

An approximation theorem of Youngs (Duke Math J 15, 87–94, 1948) asserts that a continuous map between compact oriented topological 2-manifolds (surfaces) is monotone if and only if it is a uniform limit of homeomorphisms. Analogous approximation of Sobolev mappings is at the very heart of Geometric Function Theory (GFT) and Nonlinear Elasticity (NE). In both theories the mappings in question arise naturally as weak limits of energy-minimizing sequences of homeomorphisms. As a result of this, the energy-minimal mappings turn out to be monotone. In the present paper we show that, conversely, monotone mappings in the Sobolev space (Formula presented.), are none other than (Formula presented.),p-weak (also strong) limits of homeomorphisms. In fact, these are limits of diffeomorphisms. By way of illustration, we establish the existence of traction free energy-minimal deformations for p -harmonic type energy integrals.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 159-181 |

Number of pages | 23 |

Journal | Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis |

Volume | 219 |

Issue number | 1 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Jan 1 2016 |

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### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Analysis
- Mechanical Engineering
- Mathematics (miscellaneous)