Molecular characterization and differential expression of the myostatin gene in channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus)

Arif M. Kocabas, Huseyin Kucuktas, Rex A. Dunham, Zhanjiang Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

88 Scopus citations

Abstract

Myostatin is a recently discovered gene that inhibits muscle growth. In the present study, we characterized the myostatin locus and its expression in channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). The genomic DNA and cDNA encoding the channel catfish myostatin were cloned and sequenced. The myostatin gene has three exons encoding a protein of 389 amino acids. Comparison of the genomic sequences with those of the cDNA revealed that the myostatin cDNA was 1673 base pair (bp) long with a 5′-untranslated region (UTR) and 3′-UTR of 180 and 323 bp, respectively. The deduced amino acid sequences of the catfish myostatin is highly conserved with those of other organisms. The myostatin locus is highly polymorphic in channel catfish because of the presence of several microsatellites and single nucleotide polymorphic sites. The myostatin gene was expressed in various tissues and developmental stages at differential levels, suggesting complex regulation of this gene and perhaps roles for myostatin in addition to those originally suggested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)99-107
Number of pages9
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Gene Structure and Expression
Volume1575
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 3 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Catfish
  • Differential expression
  • Gene
  • Marker
  • Microsatellite
  • Muscle
  • Myostatin
  • Polyglutamine expansion
  • Polymorphism
  • SNP
  • cDNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Genetics

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