Modification of bisphenol-A based bismaleimide resin (BPA-BMI) with an allyl-terminated hyperbranched polyimide (AT-PAEKI)

Haihu Qin, Patrick T. Mather, Jong Beom Baek, Loon Seng Tan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

89 Scopus citations


As a continuation of previous work involving synthesis of an allyl-functionalized hyperbranched polyimide, AT-PAEKI, we have studied the use of this reactive polymer as a modifier of bisphenol-A based bismaleimide resin (BPA-BMI). This was pursued in anticipation of improvements in processability as well as physical properties including glass transition temperature, elastic modulus, and fracture toughness. Apparent miscibility, indicated by optical clarity with a single Tg, was observed for compositions containing up to 16 wt% AT-PAEKI. Additionally, we observed complete suppression of monomer crystallization and a slight increase in the overall cure exotherm. By rheological characterization, blends containing 4 wt% AT-PAEKI were found to feature a dramatic (65-fold) reduction in the viscosity minimum during heating. Dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) showed that the addition of 2, 4, 8 wt%. AT-PAEKI increases the cured modulus by approximately 10% from a base value of 3.4 GPa, while adding 16 wt% AT-PAEKI decreases the modulus slightly to 3.3 GPa. DMA also revealed that the cured glass transition temperature increases monotonically with the addition of AT-PAEKI. Fracture toughness was gauged using the single edge notched beam methodology to yield the critical stress intensity factor, KIC. Our results showed a modest toughening effect (from 0.48 to 0.55 MPa m1/2) upon the addition of AT-PAEKI. We conclude that AT-PAEKI may serve as an effective reactive processing aid with slight improvements in Tg, modulus, and fracture toughness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2813-2821
Number of pages9
Issue number8
StatePublished - Apr 5 2006


  • Chemorheology
  • Fracture toughness
  • Hyperbranched polymer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry


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