Modeling particle penetrations through wall assemblies using computational fluid dynamics

Zhi Gao, J. S. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Outdoor particles can penetrate through wall assemblies and influence the indoor air quality (IAQ). In this study, a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model was developed for predicting the particle penetration through wood-framed residential wall assemblies. The model included a simplified approach to account for the particle loss due to the fiberglass insulation material layer in the wall assemblies. Particles ranging from 0.001 to 10 m in diameter were studied. Particle movement was modeled following an Eulerian approach, while particle deposition in the fiberglass insulation was accounted for by an additional sink term in the governing equation, derived from the classical filtration theory. The model was applied to a typical residential wall assembly, assuming crack heights of 1 mm in the vertical direction and 3 mm in the horizontal direction and a fiberglass insulation width of 0.14 m. The results showed that 0.05-1 m particles were the most penetrable particles. The fiberglass insulation media reduced the particle penetration by more than 85% when the air permeability of the fiberglass insulation was larger than 0.001 s.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)167-178
Number of pages12
JournalAerosol Science and Technology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 4 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Pollution


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