Model predictive control for building loads connected with a residential distribution grid

Amin Mirakhorli, Bing Dong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Aggregated control of electrical loads in a large cluster of buildings has been a challenge due to the complexity of the system involving generators, grid constraints, load serving entities complex load models, and people behavior. This paper introduces a novel load aggregation method in an electricity distribution system with Model Predictive Controlled (MPC) loads. This method closes the control loop from power generation to people behavior, resulting in a more stable and efficient integrated buildings-to-grid system. A behavior-driven price-based MPC is introduced for a residential building energy management system, which controls the air conditioner (AC), electric vehicle (EV), water heater, and battery energy storage system. A nodal pricing method is introduced representing power generation and distribution costs, which is mathematically proven to stabilize the system with MPC controlled loads. The method is tested in a 342-node residential building distribution network with 15,000 buildings which is inverse sampled from hundreds of actual smart meter data. The results show a 21% reduction in generation cost, 17% reduction in peak load, and reduced nodal voltage drop from the coordinated control system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)627-642
Number of pages16
JournalApplied Energy
StatePublished - Nov 15 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Buildings-to-grid integration
  • Distribution network
  • Dynamic price
  • Model predictive control
  • Residential buildings

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Energy(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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