Mode Structure in Superconducting Metamaterial Transmission-Line Resonators

H. Wang, A. P. Zhuravel, S. Indrajeet, B. G. Taketani, M. D. Hutchings, Y. Hao, F. Rouxinol, F. K. Wilhelm, Matthew Lahaye, A. V. Ustinov, Britton Plourde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Superconducting metamaterials are a promising resource for quantum-information science. In the context of circuit QED, they provide a means to engineer on-chip dispersion relations and a band structure that could ultimately be utilized for generating complex entangled states of quantum circuitry, for quantum-reservoir engineering, and as an element for quantum-simulation architectures. Here we report on the development and measurement at millikelvin temperatures of a particular type of circuit metamaterial resonator composed of planar superconducting lumped-element reactances in the form of a discrete left-handed transmission line that is compatible with circuit QED architectures. We discuss the details of the design, fabrication, and circuit properties of this system. As well, we provide an extensive characterization of the dense mode spectrum in these metamaterial resonators, which we conduct using both microwave-transmission measurements and laser-scanning microscopy. Results are observed to be in good quantitative agreement with numerical simulations and also an analytical model based upon current-voltage relationships for a discrete transmission line. In particular, we demonstrate that the metamaterial mode frequencies, spatial profiles of current and charge densities, and damping due to external loading can be readily modeled and understood, making this system a promising tool for future use in quantum-circuit applications and for studies of complex quantum systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number054062
JournalPhysical Review Applied
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 22 2019

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transmission lines
resonators
microwave transmission
reactance
engineers
resources
simulation
damping
chips
engineering
current density
microscopy
fabrication
scanning
electric potential
profiles
lasers
temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Wang, H., Zhuravel, A. P., Indrajeet, S., Taketani, B. G., Hutchings, M. D., Hao, Y., ... Plourde, B. (2019). Mode Structure in Superconducting Metamaterial Transmission-Line Resonators. Physical Review Applied, 11(5), [054062]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevApplied.11.054062

Mode Structure in Superconducting Metamaterial Transmission-Line Resonators. / Wang, H.; Zhuravel, A. P.; Indrajeet, S.; Taketani, B. G.; Hutchings, M. D.; Hao, Y.; Rouxinol, F.; Wilhelm, F. K.; Lahaye, Matthew; Ustinov, A. V.; Plourde, Britton.

In: Physical Review Applied, Vol. 11, No. 5, 054062, 22.05.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wang, H, Zhuravel, AP, Indrajeet, S, Taketani, BG, Hutchings, MD, Hao, Y, Rouxinol, F, Wilhelm, FK, Lahaye, M, Ustinov, AV & Plourde, B 2019, 'Mode Structure in Superconducting Metamaterial Transmission-Line Resonators', Physical Review Applied, vol. 11, no. 5, 054062. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevApplied.11.054062
Wang H, Zhuravel AP, Indrajeet S, Taketani BG, Hutchings MD, Hao Y et al. Mode Structure in Superconducting Metamaterial Transmission-Line Resonators. Physical Review Applied. 2019 May 22;11(5). 054062. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevApplied.11.054062
Wang, H. ; Zhuravel, A. P. ; Indrajeet, S. ; Taketani, B. G. ; Hutchings, M. D. ; Hao, Y. ; Rouxinol, F. ; Wilhelm, F. K. ; Lahaye, Matthew ; Ustinov, A. V. ; Plourde, Britton. / Mode Structure in Superconducting Metamaterial Transmission-Line Resonators. In: Physical Review Applied. 2019 ; Vol. 11, No. 5.
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