Mitogenomic phylogeny of Trochoidea (Gastropoda: Vetigastropoda): New insights from increased complete genomes

Erfei Guo, Yi Yang, Lingfeng Kong, Hong Yu, Shikai Liu, Zhanjiang Liu, Qi Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Increased mitochondrial (mt) genomes can provide more sets of genome-level characteristics for resolving deeper phylogeny. Limited information with respect to the Trochoidea mitochondrial genome organization is available; besides, monophyly and internal relationships of the superfamily still remain a matter of discussion. To resolve the monophyly and internal phylogenetic controversies of Trochoidea and expand our understanding for mt genomic characteristic evolution among Trochoidea, the phylogenetic trees were reconstructed using 13 newly sequenced complete mt genomes and 35 genomes from GenBank, and both the maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference analyses were highly supported. Vetigastropoda phylogenetic analyses recovered the monophyly of Trochoidea. Trochoidea phylogenetic analyses and genetic distances supported the non-monophyly of Tegulidae and Tegula, indicating that the taxonomic status of several genera (Rochia, Tectus and Cittarium) should be revised and Tegula, Omphalius and Chlorostoma should be placed as a same genus. The close affinity between Tectus virgatus and Rochia was also revealed. Three-nucleotide insertion in nad1, nine-nucleotide insertion and six-nucleotide deletion in nad5 are detected in Tegulidae, Tectus and Rochia, respectively. Gene orders within Trochoidea are stable, with gene rearrangements exclusive to tRNA genes observed. Homoplasious convergences because of trnT rearrangement display translocation in Turbinidae and reversion in Trochidae and Calliostomatida. For trnE and trnG, we identify 11 arrangement types, suggesting that the gene rearrangement history needs to be further evaluated. Our study emphasizes the importance of mt genomes in resolving phylogenetic relationships within Trochoidea. In addition, the mt genomic characters would contribute new insights into the classification of Trochoidea.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-57
Number of pages15
JournalZoologica Scripta
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2021


  • Trochoidea
  • character evolution
  • mitochondrial genomes
  • phylogenetic analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics


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